Mutapa Matope was the greatest conqueror of the early Mutapas (Mutapa meaning Emperor). He was A descendant of Mutapa Mutota who lived during 12th or 13th century AD who brought order, a central authority & discipline to the early southern African towns. Mutapa Matope conquered and unified various parts of the south of Africa creating the Kingdom of Mutapa. Economic considerations were paramount to this kingdom. Matope, in imposing a political empire over this network, offered the peace and security that allowed the gold and ivory trade to flourish in this region.